Recently, this section of the article is often omitted by the authors and immediately proceeds to the presentation of the results obtained. It is hardly justified. The reader wants to understand what was the need for the formulation of the work, and what place it occupies among similar domestic and foreign developments. In the introduction of the most appropriate review found by the author of literary sources (articles, patents, reports, information from the Internet). Whatever useful the author does, his research always has predecessors. Therefore, it is necessary to find traces of these predecessors and critically analyze their work. After all, often ignorance of these materials leads to unnecessary expenditure of funds, time and effort.
A conscientious author should consider not only the sources confirming the correctness of his conclusions, but also the works that disprove them. Attitude to the works of predecessors should be respectful: after all, the author can afford their criticism, but they have no opportunity to argue in response. The most important element of the work on the article is the presentation of the results of the work and their physical explanation. It is necessary to present the results in visual form: in the form of tables, graphs, diagrams. Kant also stated that in all knowledge there is as much truth as mathematics. However, the use of mathematics to explain the results should be minimally necessary. Often, the authors introduce significant doses of mathematical formulas into the articles and think that they give scientific solidity to their work.
They use mathematics as a kind of seasoning added for flavor and sharpness. Often cumbersome mathematical formulas only obscure the understanding of the physical entity. It is useful to recall that many of the basic physical laws are extremely simple: F ma, E mc2, etc. Most authors avoid mentioning experiments with a negative result. Meanwhile, such experiments, especially in the field of technology, are sometimes more instructive than experiments with a positive outcome. Technology is a science in which, unlike mathematics, it happens that a minus plus or minus gives plus. For example, the technological process has two significant drawbacks, but, nevertheless, provides the necessary product quality. If only one drawback is eliminated, then, as a rule, the process will fail and a defect in production will arise. In the article on any technological process, the author should consider the types of defects and methods for its elimination.
The technologist grows into a highly qualified specialist if he investigates the causes of marriage in production and develops methods for its elimination. They cannot be identified with annotation, they have different functions. Conclusions should show what is received, and the summary what has been done. Conclusions can not be too numerous. Three to five valuable for science and production conclusions, obtained as a result of several years of work on the topic, are enough. Conclusions must have the nature of theses. To each of them, the author could add the words “I affirm that …”.